stm-chans-3.0.0.2: Additional types of channels for STM.

CopyrightCopyright (c) 2011--2013 wren gayle romano
LicenseBSD
Maintainerwren@community.haskell.org
Stabilityprovisional
Portabilitynon-portable (GHC STM, DeriveDataTypeable)
Safe HaskellTrustworthy
LanguageHaskell98

Control.Concurrent.STM.TBMChan

Contents

Description

A version of Control.Concurrent.STM.TChan where the queue is bounded in length and closeable. This combines the abilities of Control.Concurrent.STM.TBChan and Control.Concurrent.STM.TMChan. This variant incorporates ideas from Thomas M. DuBuisson's bounded-tchan package in order to reduce contention between readers and writers.

Synopsis

The TBMChan type

data TBMChan a Source

TBMChan is an abstract type representing a bounded closeable FIFO channel.

Instances

Typeable (* -> *) TBMChan 

Creating TBMChans

newTBMChan :: Int -> STM (TBMChan a) Source

Build and returns a new instance of TBMChan with the given capacity. N.B., we do not verify the capacity is positive, but if it is non-positive then writeTBMChan will always retry and isFullTBMChan will always be true.

newTBMChanIO :: Int -> IO (TBMChan a) Source

IO version of newTBMChan. This is useful for creating top-level TBMChans using unsafePerformIO, because using atomically inside unsafePerformIO isn't possible.

Reading from TBMChans

readTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM (Maybe a) Source

Read the next value from the TBMChan, retrying if the channel is empty (and not closed). We return Nothing immediately if the channel is closed and empty.

tryReadTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM (Maybe (Maybe a)) Source

A version of readTBMChan which does not retry. Instead it returns Just Nothing if the channel is open but no value is available; it still returns Nothing if the channel is closed and empty.

peekTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM (Maybe a) Source

Get the next value from the TBMChan without removing it, retrying if the channel is empty.

tryPeekTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM (Maybe (Maybe a)) Source

A version of peekTBMChan which does not retry. Instead it returns Just Nothing if the channel is open but no value is available; it still returns Nothing if the channel is closed and empty.

Writing to TBMChans

writeTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> a -> STM () Source

Write a value to a TBMChan, retrying if the channel is full. If the channel is closed then the value is silently discarded. Use isClosedTBMChan to determine if the channel is closed before writing, as needed.

tryWriteTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> a -> STM (Maybe Bool) Source

A version of writeTBMChan which does not retry. Returns Just True if the value was successfully written, Just False if it could not be written (but the channel was open), and Nothing if it was discarded (i.e., the channel was closed).

unGetTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> a -> STM () Source

Put a data item back onto a channel, where it will be the next item read. If the channel is closed then the value is silently discarded; you can use peekTBMChan to circumvent this in certain circumstances. N.B., this could allow the channel to temporarily become longer than the specified limit, which is necessary to ensure that the item is indeed the next one read.

Closing TBMChans

closeTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM () Source

Closes the TBMChan, preventing any further writes.

Predicates

isClosedTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM Bool Source

Returns True if the supplied TBMChan has been closed.

isEmptyTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM Bool Source

Returns True if the supplied TBMChan is empty (i.e., has no elements). N.B., a TBMChan can be both ``empty'' and ``full'' at the same time, if the initial limit was non-positive.

isFullTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM Bool Source

Returns True if the supplied TBMChan is full (i.e., is over its limit). N.B., a TBMChan can be both ``empty'' and ``full'' at the same time, if the initial limit was non-positive. N.B., a TBMChan may still be full after reading, if unGetTBMChan was used to go over the initial limit.

This is equivalent to: liftM (<= 0) estimateFreeSlotsTBMChan

Other functionality

estimateFreeSlotsTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM Int Source

Estimate the number of free slots. If the result is positive, then it's a minimum bound; if it's non-positive then it's exact. It will only be negative if the initial limit was negative or if unGetTBMChan was used to go over the initial limit.

This function always contends with writers, but only contends with readers when it has to; compare against freeSlotsTBMChan.

freeSlotsTBMChan :: TBMChan a -> STM Int Source

Return the exact number of free slots. The result can be negative if the initial limit was negative or if unGetTBMChan was used to go over the initial limit.

This function always contends with both readers and writers; compare against estimateFreeSlotsTBMChan.